The Upper Yampa Water Conservancy District was formed in 1966 to provide legal authority to plan and construct water conservation projects in the Yampa Valley. Yamcolo and Stagecoach Reservoirs represent two major water conservation projects constructed by the District. The district boundaries includes most of Routt County and a portion of Moffat County.
The District is governed by a board of nine directors. Upon instigation and certification as a district, Upper Yampa was able to collect a levy on general taxes from both Routt and Moffat County. The District is able to maintain its status as the guardian of critical water rights in the Yampa Valley. Through on-going efforts of the Upper Yampa Water Conservancy District, residents and wildlife in the valley benefit greatly.